Peace at Last?

Spanning more than thirty years, and costing over 3000 lives, the conflict in and over Northern Ireland has been one of the most protracted ethnic conflicts in Western Europe. After several failed attempts to resolve the fundamental differences over national belonging...

Conflict Management in Northern Ireland

Published in the UNESCO Diversities (vol. 4, no. 1, 2002) and subsequently re-printed in Democracy and Human Rights in Multicultural Societies (ed. by Matthias Koenig and Paul de Guchteneire, Routledge, 2007), this essay analyses the different policies employed by the...

Content and Context: Sunningdale and Belfast Compared

Published as a contribution to Aspects of the Belfast Agreement (ed. by Rick Wilford, Oxford University Press, 2001), this chapter takes as its starting point the observation that both the 1973 Sunningdale and 1998 Belfast agreements are, in essence, consociational...

Ethno-territorial Cross-border Conflict in Western Europe

Minorities in Western Europe have been subjected to discrimination and forced assimilation, and they have resisted such repressive state policies in a variety of ways. The ethnic conflicts that have developed in the past were a form of group conflict wherein at least...