Subnational governance is at the heart of the ongoing conflict in Libya.
As the Libyan people see renewed prospects for peace, subnational governance may represent an integral part of a resolution to protracted instability.
The international community’s capacity for conflict management remains a potentially highly effective, albeit not flawless, instrument for managing a wide range of security challenges, which, however, will be applied, as it always has, selectively and in line with the national interests of the great powers.
Three ‘ingredients’ are essential in managing processes such as the Arab Spring and their aftermath successfully: leadership, diplomacy, and institutional design.
Despite limited engagement so far, the EU’s “skill set” may yet come to be in demand in Libya. If it does, it will be required for the long term.
The international community must remain realistic about the speed and comprehensiveness of the success of the Arab Spring but should remain committed and determined in its support of the genuine democratic aspirations of the people who have started these revolutions.
In the same way in which toppling the old regime could only be accomplished with substantial international support, it is unlikely that Libya’s transition will succeed without continuing support from the country’s international partners.
Libyans and their allies across the world are right to celebrate, but building a new and legitimate state in the country will be a difficult task.
The Draft Constitutional Charter reflects, by its very existence and publication, a remarkable degree of forward-planning by the National Transitional Council. It is a bold break with the past, but there are also some drawbacks, both in what is included in the Draft Constitutional Charter and what is missing from it.