In this USIP Discussion Paper, my colleagues Argyro Kartsonaki, Giuditta Fontana, and I argue that the effects of...
Russia’s war against Ukraine: implications for the future of the OSCE
Russia’s illegal and unjustifiable invasion of Ukraine has fundamental consequences for the OSCE. Participating States...
Dispute Settlement Mechanisms and Peace Agreements
Mechanisms to settle disputes arising in the implementation and operation of a political agreement can take various forms, depending on the specific purpose for which they are established.
Territorial self-governance and separatism: The case of (eastern) Ukraine
Territorial self-governance can take many forms, from federation, to federacy, to devolution. Provided the conditions are right, it can contribute to conflict prevention and settlement. Ukraine exhibits many characteristics in which the application of territorial...
Conflict-Solving Mechanisms and Negotiation Formats for Post-Soviet Protracted Conflicts
Existing negotiation formats for post-Soviet protracted conflicts have failed to reach their ultimate objective of reaching sustainable settlements. However, as I argue in this report for the Stockholm Centre for Eastern European Studies at the Swedish Institute of...
Strengthening the OSCE through Enhanced EU-OSCE Cooperation
Can the OSCE be regenerated through enhanced cooperation with the EU, and if so, how?
Mission (Im)Possible? UN Military Peacekeeping Operations in Civil Wars
Under what conditions can UN military peacekeeping operations (PKOs) succeed in contexts of civil war?
China’s Belt and Road Initiative: Implications for the OSCE
Since its inception in late 2013, China’s Belt and Road Initiative has grown into a vast global development project with increasing geopolitical and geo-economic implications. By 2020, Belt and Road co-operation involved more than half of the OSCE’s 57 participating...
Pluralism and Conflict Prevention
A pluralistic approach to conflict prevention requires practitioners to identify the divisions and exclusions in a society that can lead to violence long before conflict is imminent. Paying careful attention to these early warnings of conflict, and addressing them before they are exacerbated, can pave the way for institutional and cultural environments that foster inclusion and thus, more sustainable peace.