Introducing the new dataset of Political Agreements in Internal Conflicts (PAIC) and presenting its first application, my co-authors Giuditta Fontana, Argyro Kartsonaki, Natascha S. Neudorfer, Dawn Walsh, Christalla Yakinthou and I develop an argument in this article in Conflict Management and Peace Science on the need for a more fine-grained and disaggregated coding of political agreements. Our new dataset captures the institutional provisions in political agreements concluded between 1989 and 2016, providing information on 91 variables, along five dimensions: power sharing, transitional justice, cultural institutions, territorial self-governance and international assistance. First, the paper presents the data collection and coding procedures. Then it replicates Hartzell’s and Hoddie’s (2007, Crafting Peace, The Pennsylvania State University Press) seminal study on the relationship between power sharing and negotiated agreements, showing the long-term importance of a previously overlooked realm: commissions.
This article is an open-access publication.