Subnational Governance and Conflict

The potential for subnational governance to serve as a catalyst of peace has been widely recognized. This is reflected in the frequent inclusion of subnational governance arrangements in political settlements negotiated in war-to-peace transitions. In this book, my...

Sudan: ‘Successful’ Constitutional Reform Spurs Localized Violence

Institutions are important in mitigating the extent to which shocks produce violent consequences, but their effectiveness is conditioned by the behavior of local and international leaders. Ostensibly perfect institutions may fail due to poor stewardship, while even imperfect ones can succeed at preventing violent escalation if local and international political leaders have sufficient political will.

South Sudan’s Year One: Managing the Challenges of Building a New State

A year after independence, continuing tension with the North is not the only challenge facing South Sudan. From the uncertain fate of the disputed territory of Abyei and cross-border inter-communal conflicts, to a lack of economic infrastructure and food insecurity, combined with a persistent failure to build successful institutions, South Sudan’s beginning as an independent state is rife with dangers.