China’s Belt and Road Initiative: Implications for the OSCE

Since its inception in late 2013, China’s Belt and Road Initiative has grown into a vast global development project with increasing geopolitical and geo-economic implications. By 2020, Belt and Road co-operation involved more than half of the OSCE’s 57 participating...

Economic Diplomacy and Connectivity: What Role for the OSCE?

Economic connectivity has been at the heart of the OSCE’s Second Dimension for more than four decades. The Second Dimension may not always have received the attention that it deserves, but the successes that the OSCE has had in using the tools of economic diplomacy to...

Linkage and leverage effects on Moldova’s Transnistria problem

Co-authored with John Beyer and published in East European Politics, this article asks what the impact is of geopolitical competition on conflict resolution and democratisation in the context of extensive and multi-directional linkages and leverage? Our analysis...