National and International Instruments of Minority Protection in Europe

National and international instruments of minority protection in Europe form a multi-layered framework that establishes minority protection not as a choice but as both a legal obligation and a pragmatic necessity. In this paper, commissioned by the Institute for European Policies and Reform, I argue that diverse societies are more inclusive, resilient, and stable when they not only recognise diversity but also entrench it legally and provide the mechanisms for the effective translation of recognised rights into a positively experienced reality.