Policy Reports

China’s Belt and Road Initiative: Implications for the OSCE

Since its inception in late 2013, China’s Belt and Road Initiative has grown into a vast global development project with increasing geopolitical and geo-economic implications. By 2020, Belt and Road co-operation involved more than half of the OSCE’s 57 participating... read more

Pluralism and Conflict Prevention

A pluralistic approach to conflict prevention requires practitioners to identify the divisions and exclusions in a society that can lead to violence long before conflict is imminent. Paying careful attention to these early warnings of conflict, and addressing them before they are exacerbated, can pave the way for institutional and cultural environments that foster inclusion and thus, more sustainable peace.

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An Assessment of Global Values-based Benchmarks and Indicators

Building on the results of previous research for the Global Centre for Pluralism (GCP) that included a scan of audit and assessment tools, my colleague Argyro Kartsonaki and I, in this paper, provide an overview of four existing values-based audit tools and outline... read more

Audit Tool Survey

Audit tools have significantly grown in popularity over the past decade as part of a global drive to measure the performance of various institutions against a set of indicators and to score performance in a range of indices. In this paper for the Global Centre for... read more

The threat posed by Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL)

In a joint submission to the UK Parliament’s Defence Select Committee, my colleagues Paul Schulte, Chris Wyatt and I address counter-terrorism and counter-radicalisation policy, including the ideological threat; the role of air power; and the need to consider ongoing operations and policy in the Strategic Defence and Security Review and the associated National Security Strategy.

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The Transnistrian Issue

Analysing the current context of the Transnistrian conflict and drawing on an analysis of existing proposals for conflict settlement, this study offers a number of suggestions how a sustainable settlement could be achieved.

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How to deal with Yemen

Once again, Yemen has hit the international news headlines, consolidating a widespread public perception that this highly fragile state on the south-western tip of the Arabian peninsula has evolved into a new hotbed for international terrorism, another Afghanistan of... read more

Official Documents and Proposals

This is a selection of conflict settlement proposals put forward by various parties since 1993. While there is relatively broad consensus on the basic parameters of a solution, the documents need to be seen in their specific context in time and place in order to... read more

Reports on Transnistria

Below are links to reports and recommendations for various aspects of the conflict over Transnistria that emerged from my work since 2009, principally with the OSCE Mission to Moldova and with the British Embassy in Chisinau. Guarantees and Conflict Settlement... read more

Reports on Gagauzia

Below are links to a wide range of reports and recommendations for various aspects of the situation in Gagauzia that emerged from my work since 2003. Between 2004 and 2009 I regularly visited Komrat as part of a project run by the European Centre for Minority Issues... read more

Federalism vs Regionalism in Moldova

This report, prepared for a meeting with the Moldovan Ministry of Reintegration, discusses various models of territorial self-governance, focussing on the comparative advantages and disadvantages of federalism and regionalism in the context of the conflict over... read more

Conflict Resolution in the EU’s Eastern Neighbourhood

This paper was commissioned by the Europen Policy Centre and co-authored with Amanda Akcakoca, Thomas Vanhauwaert, and Richard G. Whitman. Subsequently published as EPC Issue Paper No. 57, it analyses the impact of the war between Russia and Georgia on the EU’s... read more

Ethnic Minorities in Europe

This report, prepared for the European Centre for Minority Issues, in Flensburg, Germany, provides an overview of ethnic minorities in Europe, including details on the size of different minority groups, their origins, and the nature of claims and disputes they are... read more

Overcoming Political Deadlock in Gagauzia

This report, prepared for the EU Special Representative for Moldova, offers some observations on how the political deadlock in Gagauzia following elections to the entity’s assembly could be overcome.... read more

Minority Rights in the Western Balkans

This report, commissioned by the Subcommittee on Human Rights of Foreign Affairs Committee of the the European Parliament, was co-authored with Pieter van Houten, Ana-Maria Anghelea, and Ivana Djuric. It provides a detailed overview of the situation regarding... read more

Conflict Resolution and the ENP

In this Briefing Paper, Richard Whitman and I examine how the European Neighbourhood Policy can be enhanced to make a contribution to conflict management in the Southern neighbourhood.

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The Distribution of Competences between Centre and Autonomy

This report was prepared for a meeting, organised by the European Centre for Minority Issues, with Moldovan and Gagauz officials, aimed at assisting them in resolving their differences over the interpretation of the 1995 Law on the Special Status of Gagauzia. It... read more

Mechanisms to Settle Constitutional Disputes

This report, prepared for a meeting organised by Concordis International with representatives of the Government of Sudan and the Western Movements, explains the need for appropriate mechanisms to settle constitutional disputes and outlines a range of existing such... read more